and Infections of Xenopus
always the best medicine !
infections very preventable by not overfeeding,
not overcrowding, good housekeeping, maintaining
a temperature below 75 F and the use of the
probiotic bacteria like Lymnozyme® . We use it! The four
strains of bacteria in Lymnozyme are very
effective against aeromonas and pseudomonas, but
also most gram negative microbes including
vibrio, streptococcus, etc.
Aeromonas hydrophila, a gram-negative bacterium
bacteria, is one the most common diseases that Xenopus
can suffer. It is can be widespread in the body because
it is carried by the blood. Common symptoms are red legs
and swelling. The disease then it advances to the point
to where the flesh rots off of the legs. (photo left)
Once is has advanced to the stages chances are the animal
will not survive. We recommend euthanizing the animal.
Treatment: (Tetracycline oral: 1mg/5g body
weight for 5 days).Use
salt at a concentration of 100 mM and add 100 micrograms
per ml oxytetracycline to the water for a week. Change the water
every day. Isolate infected animals and all animals it
had contact with. Disinfect all nets and tanks.
The most reliable form
of antibiotic delivery is by injection preformed by
expert. See Klymkowsky Lab Treatment .
Hobbyists can obtain
antibiotics from the pet shop such as Maracyn II® and Maracyn Plus®
which are used for Bacterial infections. These can be
used in conjunction with salt.
are two types of bloat. First is a hard bloated
frog that appears all of the sudden at the top of
your tank. This frog should be immediately
removed and quarantined. This is caused by a
internal bacterial infection and sadly almost
always fatal. Hobbyists
can obtain Maracyn
II® and Maracyn Plus® which are used for Bloat.
These can be used in conjunction with salt.
Second is a
"Soft squishy frog bloat" Like a the
Michelin Man pictured to the left. This is caused
by an abnormal accumulation of serious bodily
fluids due to improper body metabolism. Many
times damaged kidneys or liver no longer function
properly causing edema. An expert can puncture to
release fluids. Frogs can live for a very long
time in this state.
Salt bath is recommended for this type of bloat.
A Hobbyist's Account of
Curing Bloat aka Dropsy
infections are common in amphibians and can often
be secondary to bacterial infections.
Mardel Maroxy® Anti-fungal solution available at
pet shops. Maroxy
is also effective against some bacteria.
Methylene Blue is effective against fungal
infections. Can be done as a tank treatment or a
dip. We recommend following the manufacture's
directions. Kordon® Methylene
1993-2009, Xenopus Express, Inc.
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